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Native Rhizobia Strains Enhance Seed Yield of Groundnut Varieties in Northern Ghana

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dc.contributor.author Wilson, G.
dc.contributor.author Ulzen, J.
dc.contributor.author Abaidoo, R. C.
dc.contributor.author Opoku, A.
dc.contributor.author Adjei-Nsiah, S.
dc.contributor.author Osei, O.
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-23T12:41:39Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-23T12:41:39Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Wilson, G., Ulzen, J., Abaidoo, R. C., Opoku, A., Adjei-Nsiah, S., & Osei, O. (2021). Native Rhizobia Strains Enhance Seed Yield of Groundnut Varieties in Northern Ghana. Frontiers in Agronomy, 23. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.3389/fagro.2021.653044
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2369
dc.description.abstract Rhizobia inoculation with effective strains is an environmentally friendly approach for enhancing nodulation and yield of legumes. To obtain an ideal strain for inoculant production, the strain’s performance must be matched to the environmental conditions. A 2 × 9 cross-factorial experiment laid in a randomized complete block design with three replications on farmers’ fields in the northern part of Ghana was set up to evaluate the rhizobia’s performance. The factors were groundnut varieties (Chinese and Samnut 22) and nine strains consisting of five native rhizobia (KNUST 1001, 1002, 1003, 1032, and 1031), two commercial strains (Biofix and BR3267), and a positive (N+) and absolute control (N–). In addition, the population of the strains was assessed after a cropping season. The strains’ performance on groundnut was location and variety dependent. At Cheshegu, KNUST 1031 and 1002 significantly increased seed yield of the Chinese variety compared to other strains; however, KNUST 1031 elicited a 24% yield increase while KNUST 1002 caused a 16% yield increase over the control. Strain KNUST 1031 increased the seed yield of the Chinese variety by 24% while KNUST 1002 increased the seed yield of Samnut by 16%. Only KNUST 1002 elicited a significant seed yield increase in Samnut 22 at Cheshegu. At Binduri, strain KNUST 1003 significantly increased the seed yield of the Chinese variety by 35% relative to the control. Samnut 22 did not show a clear preference for any of the strains. The Chinese variety did not show a clear response to the strains at Tanina. However, Samnut 22 responded to KNUST 1002 as it increased seed yield by 45% relative to the control. On average, the seed yield at Tanina (846.15 kg ha−1) was less than the seed yield recorded at Binduri (1,077.66 kg ha−1) and Cheshegu (1,502.78 kg ha−1). Inoculation with strains KNUST 1002, 1003, and 1031 was all profitable under the current experimental conditions as they recorded value cost ratios (VCRs) above the threshold of 3–4. The study has shown that strains KNUST 1002, 1003, and 1031 have the potential to be used in inoculant formulation to increase groundnut production and enhance the income of smallholder groundnut farmers in northern Ghana. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Frontiers en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Agronomy;23
dc.subject Native strains en_US
dc.subject Value cost ratio en_US
dc.subject Biological nitrogen fixation en_US
dc.subject Grain yield en_US
dc.subject Smallholder farmers en_US
dc.title Native Rhizobia Strains Enhance Seed Yield of Groundnut Varieties in Northern Ghana en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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